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Effects of hardwood structural and chemical characteristics on enzymatic hydrolysis for biofuel production

This study investigated the influence of various hardwood characteristics on enzymatic hydrolysis. Important hardwood species, including three Eucalyptus species, were comprehensively characterized using quantitative 13C NMR, image analysis and fiber quality analysis. Hydrolysis efficiency from all the hardwoods was correlated to the wood chemical composition and lignin characteristics.
Follow this link to learn more: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852412001095

Research targets cells to reduce lignin, boost fermentable sugar

Researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute are exploring new ways to meet the challenge of recalcitrant cellulosic feedstocks and lower the cost of biomass-based biofuels. The group recently published two papers detailing their work to genetically modify xylan and lignin, resulting in improved conversion characteristics in the model plants used in the research.
Follow this link to learn more: http://ethanolproducer.com/articles/9409/research-targets-cells-to-reduce-lignin-boost-fermentable-sugar

Comparing Life-Cycle Carbon and energy Impacts for biofuel, Wood Product, and Forest Management Alternatives

The use of wood products and biofuels to substitute for fossil fuel–intensive nonwood products or fossil fuels directly reduces the oneway flow of fossil fuel carbon emissions to the atmosphere. The focus of this article is on characterizing the hierarchy of alternative uses of biomass that reduce global warming potential measured by greenhouse gas emissions and on characterizing the impact of liquid biomass fuels that can also directly reduce energy dependence.
Follow this link to learn more: http://www.forestprod.org/assets/FPJ_articles_62_4/fpro-62-04-247.pdf